El consumo de un tipo de café griego hervido se asocia con mejoría de la función endotelial: el estudio Ikaria

28-04-2017

Un estudio observacional transversal fue realizado con el objetivo de explorar la asociación entre el consumo crónico de café y la función endotelial en adultos mayores de la isla de Ikaria, Grecia. Se incluyeron 142 pacientes de 61-99 años, y se aplicó una encuesta de hábitos alimenticios. El consumo de café fue clasificado como bajo (450ml/día). La función endotelial fue evaluada mediante ultrasonido estimando la dilatación de flujo (DF). Para el análisis estadístico se empleó una prueba de t de Student. Se adelantó también una regresión logística lineal ajustando por varios confusores. Se observó un incremento linear entre la DF y el consumo de café (bajo: 4,33 +- 2,51% vs moderado: 5,39 +- 3,09% vs alto: 6,47 +- 2,72%; p=0,032). Así mismo, los sujetos que consumían principalmente café griego tuvieron una DF significativamente mayor en comparación con aquellos que consumían otros tipos de café (p=0,035). En este estudio, el consumo crónico de café se asoció con una mejor función endotelial.

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